ISKANDAR PROJECT - 20 years ahead
Iskandar Malaysia – Intelligent, Autonomous and Self learning City.
Iskandar Malaysia - Intelligent City
Smart City - what you use to think of.
There was a time when every city wants the label of a smart city and it was because of that we see every official going all out to come up with a plan to uplift their progeny into the realm of smart city. However, it was not easy to restructure existing modules to become smart as it would have involved a great amount of expenditure for upgrading work. But little by little, improvements were made to existing infrastructures to better connect to each other. As a result of these improvements, more and more cities have called themselves smart. At the centre of these improvements was the ability to connect with each other. You become smart because you have smart traffic lights that were able to adjust to varying amounts of vehicles using the roads. You become smart because the authorities, whom have a better overall view of the city, have enabled better co-ordinated planning. Still, we are a far way of from being practically smart because as a city grows, we find it more and more difficult to co-ordinate restructuring as it would take some time to know whether the adjustment that we make will make a difference to the society wellbeing. How then are we going to know that we have indeed made a mistake? The answer is called an ‘intelligent city module’ and this is what it takes to be termed intelligent.
Intelligent City - the future.
At its most basic, an ‘Intelligent City’ is a city that knows when a mistake is made and it is able to ‘learn’ from its mistake and hence make efforts to correct it as soon as it occurs. If a proper connection is made between the various facilities, it would be possible to collect all these data sets and feed it to an Artificial Intelligent Module so that comparisons can be made to historical data and analysed in real time. For example, if we find that making adjustment to switching of traffic lights at one place will result in traffic congestions in another area, then the Artificial Intelligent Module must be able to consult with various entities (not necessary those with expertise knowledge) to weigh on a suggestion to solve the problem. It is also possible that the act of adjusting the switching of traffic lights at one place might affect the flow of workers going to their office in another area or it might affect the flow of students going to schools. So in order that an intelligent insight is made, we will have to depend on the AI module to be connected to a wide network of devices, environments and intelligent beings such that we can solve the problem in real time basis and automatically without the feedback from state authorities who might be on vacation.
What Intelligent City can do for you
1. Your wellness is taken care of - very important post-covid pandemic.
2. To ensure that you don't have to depend only on fossil fuel. Efforst must be made to use renewable energy.
3. To ensure that there is enough of wellness facilities during emergencies; we have to be prepared with mass quarantines.
4. To ensure that there is food security – very important post-covid-pandemic as you can't survive without food.
5. To ensure that you don’t go out without a proper aim ; with internet connectivity will reduce the need to go out.
6. To ensure that there is enough of water supply even if you live in a water scarce vicinity; underground water storage should be made mandatory.
7. To help reduce your electricity bill; think of sourcing for electricity other than the grid.
8. To maximise the use of resources to maintain local industries; getting resources locally should be the priority.
9. To facilitate an intelligent governance; governance must act on feedbacks.
10. To introduce newer technologies to better compete with neighbours.
11. Create Smart and High Paying jobs from its own resources; not necessary from high tech jobs.
12. Intelligent waste collection - efficient way to dispose of domestic waste by use of intelligent bins; encourage recycling and don't consume in excess.
13. Having sufficient Recreational Spots to promote healthy lifestyle - intelligent enough to know who and how many using it and at what time.
14. Crime instant reporting and containment.
15. Transport - smart and intelligent transporting system - citizen's partaking financing of light elevated roadways to help reduce traffic gridlocks; which might actually cost less than building more highways.
16. All future underground car parks must have adequate air ventilation to get rid of excessive amount of toxic carbon monoxide derived from piston engine cars. Also, existing underground car parks must make effort to to install adequate air ventilation. Also, above ground car parks must have adequate designed ventilation system to aleviate build up of toxic fumes derived from piston engine cars and trucks.
A few Important Points to be a Smart, Intelligent and Safe City Post-Coronavirus Pandemic
* LATEST FROM CDC, USA *
*Q - Who is expected to catch CORONAVIRUS?*
*Q - What does it take to infect?*
TO SUCCESSFULLY INFECT A PERSON, THE VIRUS NEEDS A DOSE OF ~1000 VIRAL PARTICLES (vp)
The typical environmental spread of activities:
😷 Breath: ~20 vp/minute
😷 Speaking: ~200 vp/minute
😷 Cough: ~200 million vp (enough of these may remain in air for hours in a poorly ventilated environment)
😷 Sneeze: ~200 million vp
SUCCESSFUL INFECTION = (Exposure to Virus x Time)
1. Being in vicinity of someone (with 6 ft distancing): Low risk if limit to less than 45 minutes
2. Talking to someone face to face (with mask): Low risk if limit to less than 4 minutes
3. Someone passing you by, like walking/jogging/cycling: Low risk
4. Well-ventilated spaces, with distancing: Low risk (limit duration)
5. Grocery shopping: Medium risk (can reduce to low by limiting time and following hygiene)
6. Indoor spaces: HIGH RISK
7. Public Bathrooms/Common areas: HIGH FOMITE/SURFACE TRANSFER RISK
8. Restaurants: HIGH RISK (can be reduced to medium risk by surface touch awareness)
9. Workplaces/Schools (even with social distancing): VERY HIGH RISK, including high fomite transfer risk
10. Parties/Weddings: VERY HIGH RISK
11. Business networking/conferences: VERY HIGH RISK
12. Arenas/Concerts/Cinemas: VERY HIGH RISK
The bottom line factors you can use to calculate your risk are:
- indoors vs outdoors
- narrow spaces vs large, ventilated spaces
- high people density vs low people density
- longer exposure vs brief exposure
The risks will be higher for former scenarios.
Remember - Think twice before you enter 'An Enclosed Space' as you might catch the virus, with the exception of spaces that are safe with intelligent air conditioning and ventilation!
Courtesty: Dr Nathan R Mcgregor